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addslashes

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

addslashesStellt bestimmten Zeichen eines Strings ein "\" voran

Beschreibung

string addslashes ( string $str )

Gibt einen String (Zeichenkette) zurück, in dem bestimmten Zeichen ein Backslash "\" voran gestellt wurde. Diese Funktion ist z.B. für Datenbankabfragen wichtig. Die behandelten Zeichen sind das einfache und der doppelte Anführungszeichen (' und "), der Backslash selbst (\) sowie NUL (das Null-Byte).

Ein Beispiel für die Verwendung von addslashes() ist das Schreiben von Daten in eine Datenbank. Möchte man zum Beispiel einen Namen wie O'reilly in ein Datenbankfeld schreiben, muss er maskiert sein. Es wird dringend empfohlen, die datenbankspezifische Escapefunktion zu verwenden (z.B. mysqli_real_escape_string() für MySQL oder pg_escape_string() für PostgreSQL). Sollte für das von Ihnen DBMS keine spezielle Escape-Funktion existieren und sollte dieses DBMS \ verwenden, um Sonderzeichen zu maskieren, können Sie ersatzweise diese Funktion verwenden. Dies ist ausschließlich für das Einfügen von Daten in eine Datenbank notwendig, der zusätzliche \ wird nicht wirklich eingefügt. Ist die PHP-Direktive magic_quotes_sybase den Wert on, wird ein ' anstelle des Backslashes mit einem weiteren ' maskiert.

Die PHP-Direktive magic_quotes_gpc hat standardmäßig den Wert on, so dass grundsätzlich die Funktion addslashes() auf alle GET-, POST- und COOKIE-Daten angewendet wird. Verwenden Sie daher die Funktion addslashes() nicht, wenn Strings bereits durch magic_quotes_gpc escaped wurden, ansonsten erhalten Sie doppelte Maskierungen. Um herauszufinden, ob der Parameter aktiviert ist, verwenden Sie am einfachsten die Funktion get_magic_quotes_gpc().

Parameter-Liste

str

Die zu maskierende Zeichenkette.

Rückgabewerte

Gibt die maskierte Zeichenkette zurück.

Beispiele

Beispiel #1 Ein addslashes()-Beispiel

<?php
$str 
"Ist dein Name wirklich O'reilly?";

// Ausgabe: Ist dein Name wirklich O\'reilly?
echo addslashes($str);
?>

Siehe auch


36 BenutzerBeiträge:
- Beiträge aktualisieren...
roysimke at microsoftsfirstmailprovider dot com
18.06.2010 10:35
Never use addslashes function to escape values you are going to send to mysql. use mysql_real_escape_string or pg_escape at least if you are not using prepared queries yet.

keep in mind that single quote is not the only special character that can break your sql query. and quotes are the only thing which addslashes care.
Simon Barrett
4.05.2010 22:46
Heres a hassle free function to use to check your query string and before its handed to the db.  It will add/remove slashes according to the get_magic_quotes_gpc state

<?php
   
function mysql_prep($value)
    {
        if(
get_magic_quotes_gpc()){
           
$value = stripslashes($value);
        } else {
           
$value = addslashes($value);
        }
        return
$value;
    }
?>
adam at NOSPAM dot awgtek dot com
19.10.2009 5:16
When checking whether to addslashes, use get_magic_quotes_runtime(). Using get_magic_quotes_gpc() may not be accurate.
DarkHunterj
25.08.2009 14:11
Based on:
Danijel Pticar
05-Aug-2009 05:22
I recommend this extended version, to replace addslashes altogether(works for both strings and arrays):
<?php
function addslashesextended(&$arr_r)
{
    if(
is_array($arr_r))
    {
        foreach (
$arr_r as &$val)
           
is_array($val) ? addslashesextended($val):$val=addslashes($val);
        unset(
$val);
    }
    else
       
$arr_r=addslashes($arr_r);
}
?>
Danijel Pticar
5.08.2009 19:22
Hi,
I use this recursive function for POST. It handles multidimensional arrays.

<?php
function as_array(&$arr_r)
{
 foreach (
$arr_r as &$val) is_array($val) ? as_array($val):$val=addslashes($val);
 unset(
$val);
}

as_array($_POST);
?>
leocullen at fastmail dot fm
6.02.2009 22:06
this is my version of an addslashes function, useful for processing $_POST array:

<?php
function add_slashes ($an_array) {
  foreach (
$an_array as $key => $value) {
   
$new_array[$key] = addslashes($an_array[$key]);
  }
}
?>

then call it:

<?php add_slashes($_POST); ?>
stuart at horuskol dot co dot uk
11.12.2008 11:44
Be careful on whether you use double or single quotes when creating the string to be escaped:

$test = 'This is one line\r\nand this is another\r\nand this line has\ta tab';

echo $test;
echo "\r\n\r\n";
echo addslashes($test);

$test = "This is one line\r\nand this is another\r\nand this line has\ta tab";

echo $test;
echo "\r\n\r\n";
echo addslashes($test);
Taslim Sohel (sohel62 at yahoo dot com)
8.12.2008 7:09
About Raymond and Aditya's post

Following code can help you to add slashes with posted array.
I just added a recursive function with Aditya's code.

<?php
//create array to temporarily grab variables
$input_arr = array();
//grabs the $_POST variables and adds slashes
foreach ($_POST as $key => $input_arr) {
    if(
is_array($input_arr)){       
       
$_POST[$key] = addslashes_array($input_arr);
    }else{
       
$_POST[$key] = addslashes($input_arr);
    }
   
}

// Recursive Function to add slashes with posted array.
function addslashes_array($input_arr){
    if(
is_array($input_arr)){
       
$tmp = array();
        foreach (
$input_arr as $key1 => $val){
           
$tmp[$key1] = addslashes_array($val);
        }
        return
$tmp;
    }else{
        return
addslashes($input_arr);
    }
}

?>
Raymond Hofman
24.06.2008 21:14
In addition to the post made by Aditya P Bhatt below. This code works fine for posting a single string but does not work for posting arrays.
Aditya P Bhatt (adityabhai at gmail dot com)
28.03.2008 6:59
Automagically add slashes to $_POST variables. It helps to prevent some sql injection attacks. Also works with $_GET variables.

FILE NAME: input_cl.php
<?php
//create array to temporarily grab variables
$input_arr = array();
//grabs the $_POST variables and adds slashes
foreach ($_POST as $key => $input_arr) {
   
$_POST[$key] = addslashes($input_arr);
}
?>

Just put this at the top of your script that gets the variables. Here is an example.

Usage Example
<?php
include("input_cl.php");
// all $_POST variables have slashes added to them
$f_name = $_POST["f_name"];
$l_name = $_POST["l_name"];
$phone_num = $_POST["phone_num"];
$address1 = $_POST["address1"];
$address2 = $_POST["address2"];
$city = $_POST["city"];
$State = $_POST["State"];
$zip = $_POST["zip"];

//sql insert code goes here.
?>
Edwin at NOSPAM dot example dot com
22.01.2008 16:11
In the note below of Adrian C (3-3-2007) checkaddslashes will not behave well with strings starting with a single quote (because of the non-typed comparison) or with strings having a mix of escaped and non-escaped single quotes.

Although addslashes also escapes double quotes, this function worked for single quotes fine.

<?php
function checkaddslashes($str){
   
$str2 = str_replace("\'", "*****", $str);
    if(
strpos($str2,"'")!== false)
        return
str_replace('*****', "\'", addslashes($str2));
    else
        return
$str;
}
?>
Nate from RuggFamily.com
25.05.2007 4:19
If you want to add slashes to special symbols that would interfere with a regular expression (i.e., . \ + * ? [ ^ ] $ ( ) { } = ! < > | :), you should use the preg_quote() function.
yoder2 at purdue dot edu
27.04.2007 21:23
to quote boris-pieper AT t-online DOT de, 15-Jan-2005 06:07,

Note: You should use mysql_real_escape_string() (http://php.net/mysql_real_escape_string) if possible (PHP => 4.3.0) instead of mysql_escape_string().

You may also want to us it instead of addslashes.
sam dot fullman at verizon
20.03.2007 23:37
There are other functions "kind of" like this one but this should help adding slashes to a form post which also contains arrays (and you can't access runtime quotes), or you need to add slashes to an array which is already stripped:

<?php
   
function addslashes_array($a){
        if(
is_array($a)){
            foreach(
$a as $n=>$v){
               
$b[$n]=addslashes_array($v);
            }
            return
$b;
        }else{
            return
addslashes($a);
        }
    }
?>

note this does not add slashes to the keys - you could easily modify to do this..
Adrian C
3.03.2007 3:06
What happends when you add addslashes(addslashes($str))? This is not a good thing and it may be fixed:

function checkaddslashes($str){       
    if(strpos(str_replace("\'",""," $str"),"'")!=false)
        return addslashes($str);
    else
        return $str;
}

checkaddslashes("aa'bb");  => aa\'bb
checkaddslashes("aa\'bb"); => aa\'bb
checkaddslashes("\'"); => \'
checkaddslashes("'");  => \'

Hope this will help you
pulstar at ig dot com dot br
11.09.2006 16:50
May it is better use the function mysql_real_escape_string instead of addslashes when inserting data into a MySQL database. Check it at:

http://www.php.net/manual/en/function.mysql-real-escape-string.php
joechrz at gmail dot com
20.08.2006 2:36
Here's an example of a function that prevents double-quoting, I'm surprised noone has put something like this up yet... (also works on arrays)

<?php
function escape_quotes($receive) {
    if (!
is_array($receive))
       
$thearray = array($receive);
    else
       
$thearray = $receive;
   
    foreach (
array_keys($thearray) as $string) {
       
$thearray[$string] = addslashes($thearray[$string]);
       
$thearray[$string] = preg_replace("/[\\/]+/","/",$thearray[$string]);
    }
   
    if (!
is_array($receive))
        return
$thearray[0];
    else
        return
$thearray;
}
?>
Picky
24.05.2006 21:55
This function is deprecated in PHP 4.0, according to this article:

http://www.newsforge.com/article.pl?sid=06/05/23/2141246

Also, it is worth mentioning that PostgreSQL will soon start to block queries involving escaped single quotes using \ as the escape character, for some cases, which depends on the string's encoding.  The standard way to escape quotes in SQL (not all SQL databases, mind you) is by changing single quotes into two single quotes (e.g, ' ' ' becomes ' '' ' for queries).

You should look into other ways for escaping strings, such as "mysql_real_escape_string" (see the comment below), and other such database specific escape functions.
luciano at vittoretti dot com dot br
31.10.2005 12:18
Note, this function wont work with mssql or access queries.
Use the function above (work with arrays too).

function addslashes_mssql($str){
    if (is_array($str)) {
        foreach($str AS $id => $value) {
            $str[$id] = addslashes_mssql($value);
        }
    } else {
        $str = str_replace("'", "''", $str);   
    }
   
    return $str;
}

function stripslashes_mssql($str){
    if (is_array($str)) {
        foreach($str AS $id => $value) {
            $str[$id] = stripslashes_mssql($value);
        }
    } else {
        $str = str_replace("''", "'", $str);   
    }

    return $str;
}
thisisroot at gmail dot com
26.09.2005 18:30
In response to Krasimir Slavov and Luiz Miguel Axcar:

There are several encoding schemes for inserting binary data into places it doesn't typically belong, such as databases and e-mail bodies. Check out the base64_encode() and convert_uuencode() functions for the details.
Krasimir Slavov kkslavov at yahoo dot com
16.09.2005 20:51
If you have problems with adding images or other binady data with addslashes() for php 4.3 >= use:

<?php
$search
= array("\x00", "\x0a", "\x0d", "\x1a", "\x09");
$replace = array('\0', '\n', '\r', '\Z' , '\t');

$chrData .= str_replace($search, $replace, $Data );
?>

and put in your SQL field='$chrData' ! please remark quotes
Luiz Miguel Axcar (lmaxcar at yahoo dot com dot br)
1.09.2005 15:16
Hello,

If you are getting trouble to SGDB write/read HTML data, try to use this:

<?php

//from html_entity_decode() manual page
function unhtmlentities ($string) {
  
$trans_tbl =get_html_translation_table (HTML_ENTITIES );
  
$trans_tbl =array_flip ($trans_tbl );
   return
strtr ($string ,$trans_tbl );
}

//read from db
$content = stripslashes (htmlspecialchars ($field['content']));

//write to db
$content = unhtmlentities (addslashes (trim ($_POST['content'])));

//make sure result of function get_magic_quotes_gpc () == 0, you can get strange slashes in your content adding slashes twice

//better to do this using addslashes
$content = (! get_magic_quotes_gpc ()) ? addslashes ($content) : $content;

?>
unsafed
1.05.2005 5:23
addslashes does NOT make your input safe for use in a database query! It only escapes according to what PHP defines, not what your database driver defines. Any use of this function to escape strings for use in a database is likely an error - mysql_real_escape_string, pg_escape_string, etc, should be used depending on your underlying database as each database has different escaping requirements. In particular, MySQL wants \n, \r and \x1a escaped which addslashes does NOT do. Therefore relying on addslashes is not a good idea at all and may make your code vulnerable to security risks. I really don't see what this function is supposed to do.
gv
7.11.2004 2:23
Regarding the previous note using addslashes/stripslahes with regular expressions and databases it looks as if the purpose of these functions gets mixed.

addslahes encodes data to be sent to a database or something similar. Here you need addslashes because you send commands to the database as command strings that contain data and thus you have to escape characters that are special in the command language like SQL.

Therefore the use of addslahses on a regex does properly store the regex in the database.

stripslashes does the opposite: it decodes an addslashes encoded string. However, retrieving data from a database works differently: it does not go through some string interpretation because you actually retrieve your binary data in your variables. In other words: the data stored in your variable is the unmodified binary data that your database returned. You do not run stripslahes on data returned from a database. That way, the regexs are retrieved correctly, too.

This is different from other data exchange like urlencoded strings that you exchange with your browser. Here the data channel uses the same encodings in both directions: therefore you have to encode data to be sent and you have to decode data received.
percy at rotteveel dot ca
19.10.2004 17:08
Be very careful when using addslashes and stripslashes in combination with regular expression that will be stored in a MySQL database. Especially when the regular expression contain escape characters!

To store a regular expression with escape characters in a MySQL database you use addslashes. For example:

$l_reg_exp = addslashes( [\x00-\x1F] );

After this the variable $l_reg_exp will contain: [\\x00-\\x1F].

When you store this regular expression in a MySQL database, the regular expression in the database becomes [\x00-\x1F].

When you retrieve the regular expression from the MySQL database and apply the PHP function stripslashes(), the single backslashes will be gone!

The regular expression will become [x00-x1F] and your regular expression might not work!
mark at hagers dot demon dot nl
27.09.2004 12:34
I was stumped for a long time by the fact that even when using addslashes and stripslashes explicitly on the field values double quotes (") still didn't seem to show up in strings read from a database. Until I looked at the source, and realised that the field value is just truncated at the first occurrence of a double quote. the remainder of the string is there (in the source), but is ignored when the form is displayed and submitted.

This can easily be solved by replacing double quotes with "&quot;" when building the form. like this:
$fld_value =  str_replace ( "\"", "&quot;", $src_string ) ;
The reverse replacement after the form submission is not necessary.
hazy underscore fakie at ringwraith dot org
12.07.2003 20:23
Note that when using addslashes() on a string that includes cyrillic characters, addslashes() totally mixes up the string, rendering it unusable.
phil at internetprojectmanagers dot com
10.04.2003 3:46
re: problem with mcrypt, addslashes and mysql

Here is my solution to the problem of characters from mcrypt creating issues with mysql calls (due to characters which aren't cleaned up by addslashes).

Solution: simply convert your encryption string to hex, then back to binary when you are ready to decrypt.

<?php
// ie.
$encrypted = addslashes($string);   
$encrypted = bin2hex($encrypted);

// ... then:
$decrypted = hex2bin($encrypted);
$decrypted = stripslashes($decrypted);

// where hex2bin() is:
function hex2bin($hexdata) {
 
$bindata="";
 
  for (
$i=0;$i<strlen($hexdata);$i+=2) {
   
$bindata.=chr(hexdec(substr($hexdata,$i,2)));
  }

  return
$bindata;
}
?>

One word of caution: this will increase the length of your initial data string, so you will need to increase the field length for your mysql database.

Cheers, Phil
PS. I knew that I'd eventually be able to give something back to the site!
phil at internetprojectmanagers dot com
10.04.2003 1:47
re: encryption, addslashes and mysql

Note that mcrypt encryption may add in an apostrophe from the ascii table which cannot be protected by addslashes. It may not even be on your keyboard.

Because encryption strings are random, you may not discover it unless you test (or stumble?) on the correct sequence which inserts an apostrophe in the encrypted string.

This means that testing is even more important where encryption is concerned. If I create a solution I'll post it here.

Phil
steve at teamITS dot com
18.01.2003 14:53
For thelogrus, my testing shows the opposite--that a slashed string is stored correctly by MySQL.  Consider

insert into test (field1) values ('test\'test')

...which is stored as "test'test".  If you were posting "Sir'Weaser" from a form to your script and have magic_quotes_gpc on, then the string is slashed already so if you run addslashes() again you will be entering "Sir\\'Weaser" into MySQL.  In that case "Sir\'Weaser" would be the correct output.

In summary, addslashes() is not necessary if magic_quotes_gpc is on.
mike at gyrate dot org
13.01.2003 11:05
[Editor's note: See also the php.ini configuration magic_quotes_sybase at the URL http://www.php.net/manual/en/ref.sybase.php]

please note that addslashes will NOT work with mssql, since mssql does not use the backslash character as an escape mechanism.  just double your quotes instead.  or use this:

<?php
function mssql_addslashes($data) {
   
$data = str_replace("'", "''", $data);
    return
$data;
}
?>
hoskerr at nukote dot com
13.11.2002 0:16
Beware of using addslashes() on input to the serialize() function.   serialize() stores strings with their length; the length must match the stored string or unserialize() will fail. 

Such a mismatch can occur if you serialize the result of addslashes() and store it in a database; some databases (definitely including PostgreSQL) automagically strip backslashes from "special" chars in SELECT results, causing the returned string to be shorter than it was when it was serialized.

In other words, do this...

<?php
$string
="O'Reilly";
$ser=serialize($string);    # safe -- won't count the slash
$result=addslashes($ser);
?>

...and not this...

<?php
$string
="O'Reilly";
$add=addslashes($string);   # RISKY!  -- will count the slash
$result=serialize($add);
?>

In both cases, a backslash will be added after the apostrophe in "O'Reilly"; only in the second case will the backslash be included in the string length as recorded by serialize().

[Note to the maintainers: You may, at your option, want to link this note to serialize() as well as to addslashes().  I'll refrain from doing such cross-posting myself...]
php at slamb dot org
30.10.2002 19:48
spamdunk at home dot com, your way is dangerous on PostgreSQL (and presumably MySQL). You're quite correct that ANSI SQL specifies using ' to escape, but those databases also support \ for escaping (in violation of the standard, I think). Which means that if they pass in a string that includes a "\'", you expand it to "\'''" (an escaped quote followed by a non-escaped quote. WRONG! Attackers can execute arbitrary SQL to drop your tables, make themselves administrators, whatever they want.)

The best way to be safe and correct is to:

- don't use magic quotes; this approach is bad. For starters, that's making the assumption that you will be using your input in a database query, which is arbitrary. (Why not escape all "<"s with "&lt;"s instead? Cross-site scripting attacks are quite common as well.) It's better to set up a way that does whatever escaping is correct for you when you use it, as below:

- when inserting into the database, use prepared statements with placeholders. For example, when using PEAR DB:

<?php
    $stmt
= $dbh->prepare('update mb_users set password = ? where username = ?');
   
$dbh->execute($stmt, array('12345', 'bob'));
?>

Notice that there are no quotes around the ?s. It handles that for you automatically. It's guaranteed to be safe for your database. (Just ' on oracle, \ and ' on PostgreSQL, but you don't even have to think about it.)

Plus, if the database supports prepared statements (the soon-to-be-released PostgreSQL 7.3, Oracle, etc), several executes on the same prepare can be faster, since it can reuse the same query plan. If it doesn't (MySQL, etc), this way falls back to quoting code that's specifically written for your database, avoiding the problem I mentioned above.

(Pardon my syntax if it's off. I'm not really a PHP programmer; this is something I know from similar things in Java, Perl, PL/SQL, Python, Visual Basic, etc.)
guy_AT_datalink_DOT_net_DOT_au
30.03.2002 10:58
If you're trying to escape quotes in a javascript event as such:

<img src="foo.gif" OnMouseOver="alert('<? print $myString ?>')">

It helps to perform this first:

$myString = str_replace("'", "\'", $myString);
$myString = str_replace('"', "'+String.fromCharCode(34)+'", $myString);
hybrid at n0spam dot pearlmagik dot com
9.05.2001 7:46
Remember to slash underscores (_) and percent signs (%), too, if you're going use the LIKE operator on the variable or you'll get some unexpected results.
php at NO_SPAMj-w3 dot com
3.04.2001 0:18
As mentioned, magic_quotes_gpc automatically adds slashes to POST and GET data and these slashes don't go in the database.  BUT, be careful of this. If you have a form with an error check, make sure you strip the slashes if your form remembers the OK fields, so the user doesn't view these automagically added slashes.



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