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# ceil

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

ceilAufrunden

### Beschreibung

float ceil ( float \$value )

Liefert die nächste ganze Zahl, die größer oder gleich dem Parameter value ist.

### Parameter-Liste

value

Der aufzurundende Wert

### Rückgabewerte

Der aufgerundete Wert. Dieser wird weiterhin als float zurückgegeben, da der Wertebereich von float größer als der von integer ist.

### Beispiele

Beispiel #1 ceil()-Beispiel

``` <?phpecho ceil(4.3);    // 5echo ceil(9.999);  // 10echo ceil(-3.14);  // -3?> ```

### Siehe auch

20 BenutzerBeiträge:
- Beiträge aktualisieren...
Lexand
30.03.2012 14:15
``` \$k = 0.14 * 100; echo ceil(\$k); // results 15 solution is in converting float number to string Example 1. echo ceil ("{\$k}"); // results 14 Example 2. \$totalSum1 = 102.1568; \$k = \$totalSum1 / 100; echo ceil ("{\$k}"); // results 102.16 Example 3. \$totalSum2 = 102.15; \$k = \$totalSum1 / 100; echo ceil ("{\$k}"); // results 102.15 useful for 'ceil' with precision capability ```
frozenfire at php dot net
6.02.2012 3:38
``` Please see http://www.php.net/manual/en/language.types.float.php for information regarding floating point precision issues. ```
oktam
10.05.2011 5:12
``` Actual behaviour: echo ceil(-0.1); //result "-0" but i expect "0" Workaround: echo ceil(-0.1)+0; //result "0" ```
AndrewS
7.03.2011 5:55
``` The code below rounds a value up to a nearest multiple, away from zero.  The multiple does not have to be a integer.  So you could round, say, to the nearest 25.4, allowing you to round measurements in mm to the nearest inch longer. <?php // \$x is the variable // \$c is the base multiple to round to, away from zero \$result =  ( (\$y = \$x/\$c) == (\$y = (int)\$y) ) ? \$x : ( \$x>=0 ?++\$y:--\$y)*\$c ; ?> I originally developed this as an example of write-only code: to make the point that being cleverly terse might save clock ticks but wastes more in programmer time generating un-maintainable code. The inline code above nests one conditional statement inside another.  The value of y changes twice within the same line (three times, if you count the pre-increment).  The value of each assignment is used to determine branching within the conditional statement. How it works can more easily be seen from the expansion below: <?php function myCeilingLong(\$x,\$c) {     // \$x is variable     // \$c is ceiling multiple     \$a = \$x/\$c ;     \$b = (int)\$a ;     if (\$a == \$b)         return \$x ;  // x is already a multiple of c;     else     {         if (\$x>=0)             return (\$b+1)*\$c ;  // return ((int)(x/c)+1 ) * c         else             return (\$b-1)*\$c ;  // return ((int)(x/c)-1 ) * c     } } ?> <?php function myCeilingShort(\$x,\$c) {     return ( (\$y = \$x/\$c) == (\$y = (int)\$y) ) ? \$x : ( \$x>=0 ?++\$y:--\$y)*\$c ; } ?> Comparing the versions for speed: the in-line version is about three times faster than myCeilingLong() - but this is almost entirely down to function call overhead.  Putting the in-line code inside the function: the difference in execution speed between myCeilingLong() and myCeilingShort() is around 1.5%. ceil() is still around 25% faster than the in-line statement so if you are a speed hound your efforts might be better devoted to compiling your own library ... ```
that_cow at gmail dot com
13.01.2009 17:05
``` Scott Weaver / scottmweaver * gmail I am not sure if this was a typo or what but in your example ceiling(1,1) is not 1000, it is 1 ```
Chevy
30.12.2008 1:54
``` Quick and dirty `ceil` type function with precision capability. <?php function ceiling(\$value, \$precision = 0) {     return ceil(\$value * pow(10, \$precision)) / pow(10, \$precision); } ?> ```
agadret at terra dot com dot br
14.12.2008 11:52
``` Be aware that echo 5*0.2*7;          // results 7 echo ceil (5*0.2*7);   // results 7 echo ceil (5*(0.2*7)); // results 8 ```
Scott Weaver / scottmweaver * gmail
29.08.2008 12:46
``` I needed this and couldn't find it so I thought someone else wouldn't have to look through a bunch of Google results- <?php // duplicates m\$ excel's ceiling function if( !function_exists('ceiling') ) {     function ceiling(\$number, \$significance = 1)     {         return ( is_numeric(\$number) && is_numeric(\$significance) ) ? (ceil(\$number/\$significance)*\$significance) : false;     } } echo ceiling(0, 1000);     // 0 echo ceiling(1, 1);        // 1000 echo ceiling(1001, 1000);  // 2000 echo ceiling(1.27, 0.05);  // 1.30 ?> ```
benjamwelker * gmail
29.05.2008 11:57
``` @ zariok that function is nice, but it only works for positive numbers, causing negative numbers to be grossly incorrect. e.g.- round_up(4.765, 2) => 4.77 as expected round_up(-4.765, 2) => -3.23 a couple modified versions of your function (depending on which one you really want): <?php // rounds towards positive infinity function round_up(\$value, \$precision = 0) {     \$sign = (0 <= \$value) ? +1 : -1;     \$amt = explode('.', \$value);     \$precision = (int) \$precision;         if (strlen(\$amt) > \$precision) {         \$next = (int) substr(\$amt, \$precision);         \$amt = (float) (('.'.substr(\$amt, 0, \$precision)) * \$sign);                 if (0 != \$next) {             if (+1 == \$sign) {                 \$amt = \$amt + (float) (('.'.str_repeat('0', \$precision - 1).'1') * \$sign);             }         }     }     else {         \$amt = (float) (('.'.\$amt) * \$sign);     }         return \$amt + \$amt; } // rounds away from zero function round_out(\$value, \$precision = 0) {     \$sign = (0 <= \$value) ? +1 : -1;     \$amt = explode('.', \$value);     \$precision = (int) \$precision;         if (strlen(\$amt) > \$precision) {         \$next = (int) substr(\$amt, \$precision);         \$amt = (float) (('.'.substr(\$amt, 0, \$precision)) * \$sign);                 if (0 != \$next) {             \$amt = \$amt + (float) (('.'.str_repeat('0', \$precision - 1).'1') * \$sign);         }     }     else {         \$amt = (float) (('.'.\$amt) * \$sign);     }         return \$amt + \$amt; } ?> ```
InsideR();
9.08.2007 20:01
``` Just to comment on zariok's comment (which is right below mine), his problem is likely due to the fact that decimal numbers (such as 0.5500) cannot be exactly represented in binary (and hence computers can't precisely determine that 0.5500 * 100 = 55). This feature is great when you know that your result is going to be nowhere near an integer (for example, finding ceil(1/3) will confidently give a 1).  However in situations like his, this is probably not the better function to use. ```
zariok
9.08.2007 9:28
``` the fCeil and round_up listed below are not reliable.  This could be due to a broken ceil function: CODE: function fCeil(\$val,\$pressision=2){   \$p = pow(10,\$pressision);   \$val = \$val*\$p;   \$val = ceil(\$val);   return \$val /\$p; } print "fCeil: ".fCeil("0.5500",2)."\n"; print "ceil:  ".ceil("55.00")."\n"; print "ceil:  ".ceil(0.5500 * 100)."\n"; // should be interpreted as ceil(55); OUTPUT: fCeil: 0.56 ceil:  55 ceil:  56 Tested: PHP v5.2.2, v5.1.6, v5.0.4 CLI Quick function I used as replacement: CODE: function round_up (\$value, \$precision=2) {   \$amt = explode(".", \$value);   if(strlen(\$amt) > \$precision) {     \$next = (int)substr(\$amt,\$precision);     \$amt = (float)(".".substr(\$amt,0,\$precision));     if(\$next != 0) {       \$rUp = "";       for(\$x=1;\$x<\$precision;\$x++) \$rUp .= "0";       \$amt = \$amt + (float)(".".\$rUp."1");     }   }   else {     \$amt = (float)(".".\$amt);   }   return \$amt+\$amt; } print round_up("0.5500",2)."\n"; print round_up("2.4320",2)."\n"; print "\nprecision: 2\n"; print round_up("0.5",2)."\n"; print round_up("0.05",2)."\n"; print round_up("0.050",2)."\n"; print round_up("0.0501", 2)."\n"; print round_up("0.0500000000001", 2)."\n"; print "\nprecision: 3\n"; print round_up("0.5",3)."\n"; print round_up("0.05",3)."\n"; print round_up("0.050",3)."\n"; print round_up("0.0501",3)."\n"; print round_up("0.0500000000001",3)."\n"; OUTPUT: 0.55 2.44 precision: 2 0.5 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.06 precision: 3 0.5 0.05 0.05 0.051 0.051 ```
themanwe at yahoo dot com
20.03.2007 12:35
``` float ceil function fCeil(\$val,\$pressision=2){      \$p = pow(10,\$pressision);     \$val = \$val*\$p;     \$val = ceil(\$val);   return \$val /\$p; } ```
ermolaeva_elena at mail dot ru
20.12.2005 8:27
``` To round a number up to the nearest power of 10, I've used = ceil(intval(\$val)/10)*10; ```
nobody
22.11.2005 22:00
``` Here's a more simple one to do ceil to nearest 10: function ceilpow10(val) {    if (val % 10 == 0) return val;    return val + (10 - (val % 10)); } ```
schmad at miller dash group dot net
18.04.2005 23:38
``` To round a number up to the nearest power of 10 use this simple procedure: \$multiplier = .1; while(\$number>1) {     \$number /= 10;     \$multiplier *= 10; } \$number = ceil(\$number) * \$multiplier; ```
coxswain at navaldomination dot com
16.03.2005 15:06
``` steve_phpnet // nanovox \\ com wouldn't: <?php \$ceil  = ceil(4.67 * 10) / 10; ?> work just as well? ```
steve_phpnet // nanovox \ com
28.02.2005 13:40
``` I couldn't find any functions to do what ceiling does while still leaving I specified number of decimal places, so I wrote a couple functions myself.  round_up is like ceil but allows you to specify a number of decimal places.  round_out does the same, but rounds away from zero. <?php  // round_up:  // rounds up a float to a specified number of decimal places  // (basically acts like ceil() but allows for decimal places)  function round_up (\$value, \$places=0) {   if (\$places < 0) { \$places = 0; }   \$mult = pow(10, \$places);   return ceil(\$value * \$mult) / \$mult;  }  // round_out:  // rounds a float away from zero to a specified number of decimal places  function round_out (\$value, \$places=0) {   if (\$places < 0) { \$places = 0; }   \$mult = pow(10, \$places);   return (\$value >= 0 ? ceil(\$value * \$mult):floor(\$value * \$mult)) / \$mult;  }  echo round_up (56.77001, 2); // displays 56.78  echo round_up (-0.453001, 4); // displays -0.453  echo round_out (56.77001, 2); // displays 56.78  echo round_out (-0.453001, 4); // displays -0.4531 ?> ```
aaron at mind-design dot co dot uk
21.07.2004 15:10
``` Or for the terniary fans: <?php function roundaway(\$num) {    return((\$num > 0) ? ceil(\$num) : floor(\$num)); } ?> Slightly pointless, but there you have it, in one line only.. ```
rainfalling at yahoo dot com
22.04.2004 7:51
``` IceKarma said: "If you want, say, 2.6 to round to 3, and -2.6 to round to -3, you want round(), which rounds away from zero." That's not always true. round() doesn't work that way, like zomis2k said it just rounds up _or_ down to the nearest non-decimal number. However this should work. <?php function roundaway(\$num) {     if (\$num > 0)       return ceil(\$num);     elseif (\$num < 0)       return floor(\$num);     elseif (\$num == 0)       return 0; } ?> ```
roger_dupere at hotmail dot com
10.11.2003 3:02
``` Here is a navbar using the ceil function. <?php  function navbar(\$num_rows,\$page,\$link) {    \$nbrlink = 10; /* Number of link to display per page */    \$page = (int) \$page; /* Page now displayed */    \$num_rows = (int) \$num_rows;    if( \$num_rows > 0 ) {      \$total_page = ceil( \$num_rows / \$nbrlink );      for( \$i=1;\$i<\$total_page+1;\$i++ ) {        if( \$i == \$page ) {          \$ret .= " <b>\$i</b> ";        } else {          if( strstr( \$link,"?" ) ) {            \$ret .= " <a href=\"\$link&page=\$i\">\$i</a> ";          } else {            \$ret .= " <a href=\"\$link?page=\$i\">\$i</a> ";          }        }      }      return \$ret;    }  }   /* Let say that \$num_rows content the numbre of rows of your sql query */   \$navbar = navbar( \$num_rows, \$page, "listmovie.php?id=\$id" );   if( \$navbar != null || \$navbar != "" ) {     print( "<p><div align=\"center\">\$navbar</div></p>" );   } ?> ``` Diese Seite bei php.net
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