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<<gzdeflate

gzeof>>

gzencode

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.4, PHP 5)

gzencodeCreate a gzip compressed string

Beschreibung

string gzencode ( string $data [, int $level = -1 [, int $encoding_mode = FORCE_GZIP ]] )

This function returns a compressed version of the input data compatible with the output of the gzip program.

For more information on the GZIP file format, see the document: » GZIP file format specification version 4.3 (RFC 1952).

Parameter-Liste

data

The data to encode.

level

The level of compression. Can be given as 0 for no compression up to 9 for maximum compression. If not given, the default compression level will be the default compression level of the zlib library.

encoding_mode

The encoding mode. Can be FORCE_GZIP (the default) or FORCE_DEFLATE.

If you use FORCE_DEFLATE, you get a standard zlib deflated string (inclusive zlib headers) after the gzip file header but without the trailing crc32 checksum.

Rückgabewerte

The encoded string, or FALSE if an error occurred.

Changelog

Version Beschreibung
4.2.0 The encoding_mode parameter was added

Beispiele

The resulting data contains the appropriate headers and data structure to make a standard .gz file, e.g.:

Beispiel #1 Creating a gzip file

<?php
$data 
implode(""file("bigfile.txt"));
$gzdata gzencode($data9);
$fp fopen("bigfile.txt.gz""w");
fwrite($fp$gzdata);
fclose($fp);
?>

Siehe auch


9 BenutzerBeiträge:
- Beiträge aktualisieren...
getmequick at dot com
23.01.2009 21:29
NOTE:

doing like this and so on

<?php
  file_put_contents
('output.gz', gzencode( file_get_contents('input.file'),9));
?>

(complete file reading)

may cause memory overflow (Fatal error: Allowed memory size of ..), so it's better to read by parts/bytes.
katzlbtjunk at hotmail dot com
30.04.2008 10:58
Aaron G. 07-Aug-2004 03:29 posted the excellent function gzdecode() (SEE BELOW)
BUGFIX: Change: if($flags & 1) to ... if($flags & 2)

Unfortunately the function gzencode() does NOT append a CRC! So the previous version worked with output of gzencode but not with output of the gzip program itself.
gazj at nukemodified dot com
15.04.2008 2:47
here is my clean up of supaplex %at% pcbkits %d0t% c0m
submission above.

function alt_gzdecode($gzdatadecode) {
  // seed with microseconds since last "whole" second.
  mt_srand((float)microtime()*1000000);
  $eh="/tmp/php-" . md5(mt_rand(0,mt_getrandmax())) . ".gz";
  if(file_exists($eh)){

  $gzf=fopen($eh,"w");
  fwrite($gzf,$gzdatadecode);
  fclose($gzf);

  $gzf = gzopen ($eh, "r");
  $gzdatadecode=gzpassthru($gzf);
  unlink($eh);

  return $gzdatadecode;
  }else{
  return 'File '.$eh.' was not found.';
  }
}
cbrunon at free dot fr
4.08.2006 3:52
Correct is:
<?php
  file_put_contents
('output.gz', gzencode( file_get_contents('input.file'),9));
?>
Aaron G.
7.08.2004 3:29
<?php

function gzdecode($data) {
 
$len = strlen($data);
  if (
$len < 18 || strcmp(substr($data,0,2),"\x1f\x8b")) {
    return
null// Not GZIP format (See RFC 1952)
 
}
 
$method = ord(substr($data,2,1));  // Compression method
 
$flags  = ord(substr($data,3,1));  // Flags
 
if ($flags & 31 != $flags) {
   
// Reserved bits are set -- NOT ALLOWED by RFC 1952
   
return null;
  }
 
// NOTE: $mtime may be negative (PHP integer limitations)
 
$mtime = unpack("V", substr($data,4,4));
 
$mtime = $mtime[1];
 
$xfl   = substr($data,8,1);
 
$os    = substr($data,8,1);
 
$headerlen = 10;
 
$extralen  = 0;
 
$extra     = "";
  if (
$flags & 4) {
   
// 2-byte length prefixed EXTRA data in header
   
if ($len - $headerlen - 2 < 8) {
      return
false;    // Invalid format
   
}
   
$extralen = unpack("v",substr($data,8,2));
   
$extralen = $extralen[1];
    if (
$len - $headerlen - 2 - $extralen < 8) {
      return
false;    // Invalid format
   
}
   
$extra = substr($data,10,$extralen);
   
$headerlen += 2 + $extralen;
  }

 
$filenamelen = 0;
 
$filename = "";
  if (
$flags & 8) {
   
// C-style string file NAME data in header
   
if ($len - $headerlen - 1 < 8) {
      return
false;    // Invalid format
   
}
   
$filenamelen = strpos(substr($data,8+$extralen),chr(0));
    if (
$filenamelen === false || $len - $headerlen - $filenamelen - 1 < 8) {
      return
false;    // Invalid format
   
}
   
$filename = substr($data,$headerlen,$filenamelen);
   
$headerlen += $filenamelen + 1;
  }

 
$commentlen = 0;
 
$comment = "";
  if (
$flags & 16) {
   
// C-style string COMMENT data in header
   
if ($len - $headerlen - 1 < 8) {
      return
false;    // Invalid format
   
}
   
$commentlen = strpos(substr($data,8+$extralen+$filenamelen),chr(0));
    if (
$commentlen === false || $len - $headerlen - $commentlen - 1 < 8) {
      return
false;    // Invalid header format
   
}
   
$comment = substr($data,$headerlen,$commentlen);
   
$headerlen += $commentlen + 1;
  }

 
$headercrc = "";
  if (
$flags & 1) {
   
// 2-bytes (lowest order) of CRC32 on header present
   
if ($len - $headerlen - 2 < 8) {
      return
false;    // Invalid format
   
}
   
$calccrc = crc32(substr($data,0,$headerlen)) & 0xffff;
   
$headercrc = unpack("v", substr($data,$headerlen,2));
   
$headercrc = $headercrc[1];
    if (
$headercrc != $calccrc) {
      return
false;    // Bad header CRC
   
}
   
$headerlen += 2;
  }

 
// GZIP FOOTER - These be negative due to PHP's limitations
 
$datacrc = unpack("V",substr($data,-8,4));
 
$datacrc = $datacrc[1];
 
$isize = unpack("V",substr($data,-4));
 
$isize = $isize[1];

 
// Perform the decompression:
 
$bodylen = $len-$headerlen-8;
  if (
$bodylen < 1) {
   
// This should never happen - IMPLEMENTATION BUG!
   
return null;
  }
 
$body = substr($data,$headerlen,$bodylen);
 
$data = "";
  if (
$bodylen > 0) {
    switch (
$method) {
      case
8:
       
// Currently the only supported compression method:
       
$data = gzinflate($body);
        break;
      default:
       
// Unknown compression method
       
return false;
    }
  } else {
   
// I'm not sure if zero-byte body content is allowed.
    // Allow it for now...  Do nothing...
 
}

 
// Verifiy decompressed size and CRC32:
  // NOTE: This may fail with large data sizes depending on how
  //       PHP's integer limitations affect strlen() since $isize
  //       may be negative for large sizes.
 
if ($isize != strlen($data) || crc32($data) != $datacrc) {
   
// Bad format!  Length or CRC doesn't match!
   
return false;
  }
  return
$data;
}

?>
tychay at alumni dot caltech dot edu
3.04.2002 12:53
The 10 byte string in gzencode is the standard gzip header. The first two bytes (1f 8b) define the return as a gzip file, the third byte (08) means that the body is compressed using the "deflate" algorithm. The rest is padding (00)'s.

Technically, I believe one should check if the third byte is hex 08 and if so strip off the first ten bytes and last four bytes and run inflate on it. The last four bytes are file size and checksum bits.

In practice, you can get away with just stripping the first 10 bytes and running inflate on it.

Hope this helps,

terry
henryk at ploetzli dot ch
15.02.2002 3:28
Well, I was looking for a gzdecode too and didn't consider the temporary file example above to be very elegant.
However, as is noted in the very first comment: gzencode() only adds a  10 byte header.

I don't quite know what this header is supposed to be used for, but gzinflate() certainly doesn't like it, so I stripped it off:

function my_gzdecode($string) {
  $string = substr($string, 10);
  return gzinflate($string);
 }

That's useful to read HTTP-Connections that were compressed by mod_gzip.
--
Henryk Pltz
Gre aus Berlin
mm.. oops? - amendum (yes, tested hehe.)
9.09.2001 9:14
function alt_gzdecode($str) {
  // seed with microseconds since last "whole" second
  mt_srand((float)microtime()*1000000);
  $eh="/tmp/php-" . md5(mt_rand(0,mt_getrandmax())) . ".gz";

  $fd=fopen($eh,"w");
  fwrite($fd,$str);
  fclose($fd);

  unset($str);

  $fd = gzopen ($eh, "r");
  while (1==1) {
    $s=gzread($fd,10240);
    if ("$s" == "") {
      break;
    }
    $str=$str . $s;
  }
  unlink($eh);

  return $str;
}
< supaplex %at% pcbkits %d0t% c0m >
9.09.2001 8:48
I was almost discouraged when I didn't find a gzdecode() function!  However, fear not, for I'll contribute my work... :)
function alt_gzdecode($str) {
  // seed with microseconds since last "whole" second.
  mt_srand((float)microtime()*1000000);
  $eh="/tmp/php-" . md5(mt_rand(0,mt_getrandmax())) . ".gz";


  $fd=fopen($eh,"w");
  fwrite($fd,$str);
  fclose($fd);

  $fd = gzopen ($eh, "r");
  $str=gzpassthru($fd);
  unlink($eh);

  return $str;
}

It's only ugly point is that it does not check to see if the file already exists.  You may also have to adjust reference names like $str and $fd if they stomp on your code. (Sorry, but this is all you get atm! ;} )  If your conserned about a race condition, cry for a internal gzdecode() function that actualy functions...
I spent about 3 hours straight debugging this problem.  I know the input data was valid, becuase I validated it with MD5() to compare to the md5's I had made of the input data before hand.  I'm not sure whats up with gzuncompress or gzinflate, but this works in its place . . .

Enjoy!



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