PHP Doku:: Replaces a child - domnode.replacechild.html

Verlauf / Chronik / History: (1) anzeigen

Sie sind hier:
Doku-StartseitePHP-HandbuchFunktionsreferenzXML-ManipulationDocument Object ModelThe DOMNode classDOMNode::replaceChild

Ein Service von Reinhard Neidl - Webprogrammierung.

The DOMNode class


The DOMNodeList class>>


(PHP 5)

DOMNode::replaceChild Replaces a child


DOMNode DOMNode::replaceChild ( DOMNode $newnode , DOMNode $oldnode )

This function replaces the child oldnode with the passed new node. If the new node is already a child it will not be added a second time. If the replacement succeeds the old node is returned.



The new node. It must be a member of the target document, i.e. created by one of the DOMDocument->createXXX() methods or imported in the document by DOMDocument::importNode.


The old node.


The old node or FALSE if an error occur.



Raised if this node is readonly or if the previous parent of the node being inserted is readonly.


Raised if this node is of a type that does not allow children of the type of the newnode node, or if the node to put in is one of this node's ancestors or this node itself.


Raised if newnode was created from a different document than the one that created this node.


Raised if oldnode is not a child of this node.

Siehe auch

3 BenutzerBeiträge:
- Beiträge aktualisieren...
jb at jbpros dot com
2.03.2005 5:08
If you are trying to replace more than one node at once, you have to be careful about iterating over the DOMNodeList.  If the old node has a different name from the new node, it will be removed from the list once it has been replaced.  Use a regressive loop:


= new DOMDocument;

$elements = $xml->getElementsByTagNameNS('', '*');
$i = $elements->length - 1;
while (
$i > -1) {
$element = $elements->item($i);
$ignore = false;

$newelement = $xml>createTextNode('Some new node!');
$element->parentNode->replaceChild($newelement, $element);


The loop counter ($i) will always be in the list's interval as removed elements indexes are above the counter.
aidan at php dot net
26.12.2004 11:17
Here is a simple example for replacing a node:

Let's define our XML like so:

= <<<XML
<?xml version="1.0"?>

If we wanted to replace the entire <parent> node, we could do something like this:

// Create a new document fragment to hold the new <parent> node
$parent = new DomDocument;
$parent_node = $parent ->createElement('parent');

// Add some children
$parent_node->appendChild($parent->createElement('child', 'somevalue'));
$parent_node->appendChild($parent->createElement('child', 'anothervalue'));

// Add the keywordset into the new document
// The $parent variable now holds the new node as a document fragment

Next, we need to locate the old node:

// Load the XML
$dom = new DomDocument;

// Locate the old parent node
$xpath = new DOMXpath($dom);
$nodelist = $xpath->query('/root/parent');
$oldnode = $nodelist->item(0);

We then import and replace the new node:

// Load the $parent document fragment into the current document
$newnode = $dom->importNode($parent->documentElement, true);

// Replace
$oldnode->parentNode->replaceChild($newnode, $oldnode);

// Display
echo $dom->saveXML();

Our new node is successfully imported:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
franp at free dot fr
23.09.2004 17:39

1) If your XPath query returns a NodeList including a unique item, or if you know for sure the order of the items returned, you can use the "item(n)" syntax instead of the "foreach" syntax.
This can greatly improve you code lisibility.
s the method name implies, replaceChild cannot replace a node itself but a child of a node.
The trick is to use replaceChild on the parent node of your Xpath query result.

<?xml version="1.0" ?>

$frag = $doc->createElement("actionGlobalFR");  
$fragA = $doc->createTextNode("anothertext");
$xpResult = $xp->query("/action/actionGlobal/actionGlobalFR");  
$blipblip = $xpResult->item(0)->parentNode->replaceChild($ajout, $xpResult->item(0));

2) Also, as the method name implies, replaceChild cannot replace a node itself but a child of a node.
Still it is possible to replace a node pointed by XPath istead of its child.
The trick is to use replaceChild on the parent node of your Xpath query result.

<?xml version="1.0" ?>
  <FR>French Text</FR>

= $doc->createElement("EN");  
$fragA = $doc->createTextNode("English Text");
$xpResult = $xp->query("/action/FR");  
$blipblip = $xpResult->item(0)->parentNode->replaceChild($fragA, $xpResult->item(0));

Et voil� !

This produces :
<?xml version="1.0" ?>
  <EN>English Text</EN>


3) Also, be carefull, you CANNOT replace a node that doesn't exist.
While this may seems obvious, it is easy to forget.

Consider this :
<?xml version="1.0" ?>

You cannot use replaceChild() to turn this into :
<?xml version="1.0" ?>
  <EN>Some text</EN>

The reason is that since the <EN></EN> element is empty, it has no child (this is clearer to understand if you consider that <EN></EN> can be written <EN />).
The fact that you intend to put some text inbetween <EN> and </EN> does not change the fact that it has no text yet, thus no child yet.
When dealing with DOM, do not take your dream for the reality. The DOM parser doen't care about your dreams. If an element is currently empty, it has no child, whatever you intend to fill in.

Thus, the solution to teh problem is to use appendChild intead of replaceChild :

= $doc->createTextNode("Some Text");
$xpResult = $xp->query("/action/EN");  
$blipblip = $xpResult->item(0)->appendChild($fragA);

This produces the awaited :
<?xml version="1.0" ?>
  <EN>Some Text</EN>


4) Note that the description of replaceChild in the doc is wrong. Arguments have been inverted.
The correct description is :
object DOMNode->replaceChild (object newnode, object oldnode)

PHP Powered Diese Seite bei
The PHP manual text and comments are covered by the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License © the PHP Documentation Group - Impressum - mail("TO:Reinhard Neidl",...)